Based on the structural analysis of the corroding bridge structures presented herein, it can be seen that corrosion to the weathering steel girders can cause reduced service lives of the structures. I-girder bridges are shown to be more susceptible to corrosion than box girder bridges, with continuous box girder bridges showing the best performance. The amount of truck traffic does not affect the reliability of the bridge. The short-span and high strength steel bridges are more susceptible to corrosion loss, primarily because their girders have thinner sections. A two-lane bridge also has better performance than the wider bridges because the weight of the barriers and sidewalks is carried by fewer girders, so these girders are stockier. The web breathing limit state is less significant than the combined ultimate limit states. Lastly, and most importantly, inspection data from a highway bridge is used to demonstrate the benefit that can be derived from using field data to update the time-dependent reliability. The ultrasonic thickness gauge (UTG) is a common tool for thickness measurement of steel sections. When used to measure weathering steel, this instrument provides accurate data about the depth of corrosion pits, but not their lateral dimensions. The measurement does not include the corrosion layer on the opposite side of the plate from the one being measured; however, if the corrosion layer is on the measured face, a disproportionate increase in the measured thickness can be seen. In order to prevent or minimize corrosion loss, the steel is currently painted, a process with several environmental and financial disadvantages. Therefore, three novel protection methods have been assessed in a cyclic corrosion test: a zinc metallizing, an aluminumzinc-indium alloy metallizing, and a zinc tape with a PVC topcoat. All these coatings are designed to act not just as barriers, but also as sacrificial anodes. The test was run for 212 24-hr cycles, over the course of which the all the coatings were proven effective at protecting the steel substrate, regardless of steel type and surface roughness and pretreatment. In conclusion, the threat to all types of weathering steel highway structures by contaminant-induced corrosion is significant, but inspection data permits a more accurate prediction of time-dependent reliability for a structure, and protective coatings are a promising method of slowing the advance of corrosion.